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发帖时间:2021-06-15 01:41:32

Marotta will report to Rhodes, who will report Dwight W. Decker, chairman and chief executive officer of Conexant Systems.

Under tough questioning, Julius Knapp, deputy chief of the FCC's Office of Engineering and Technology, acknowledged that the agency provided wide deference” to other government agencies in reviewing UWB deployment.

Ultrawideband products, like cordless phones and other consumer products, would be treated as unlicensed devices under a section of FCC rules called part 15. Asked by Tauzin whether there was any evidence of unlicensed part 15 devices interfering with systems like GPS, Knapp said, Not that I'm aware of.”

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And you won't find any in the record,” Tauzin shot back.

Cumulative concerns

The Pentagon and other agencies said they are concerned about the cumulative effect a growing number of ultrawideband devices could have on critical systems since they would operate in frequencies used by existing systems, albeit at far lower power levels. Steven Price, who oversees Defense spectrum issues, said the unprecedented use of ultrawideband devices across a wide swath of spectrum could disrupt existing radio services, including GPS. That puts the burden of proof on ultrawideband proponents, he said. NTIA and Transportation Department officials agreed.

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Tauzin said the Pentagon issued the same warnings in the late 1980s, the last time the FCC altered its part 15 rules to permit unlicensed operation of PCs and a range of other products that are common today.

Because the FCC agreed to NTIA and Pentagon restrictions on intentional ultrawideband emissions, Tauzin added, new technologies may not survive or be available to prevent future terror attacks.

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Several industry executives testified that the UWB rules threaten their businesses and that the go-slow rules were an example of spectrum politics” rather than technically sound spectrum policy.

While emerging ultrawideband applications such as home networks have generated the most concern about interference, it is existing applications like ground-penetrating radars that appear to be most threatened by the new rules. The imaging systems are used to inspect bridges and runways and perform other public-safety roles.

The universities that replied — responsible for more than half the UK research spend — spun out 253 companies in 1997-2000 but 103 in 2001. That makes, on average, three spin-outs at each university last year.

According to Unico, the biggest problems facing university spin-outs remain the lack of seed finance, a lack of understanding in the university about the commercialisation of technology and a lack of incentives for university staff to spend time on spin-out activity”.

David Catton, chair of Unico and MD of Sheffield University Enterprises, said: It's evident that universities are pursuing different commercialisation strategies. There is a great deal of variation in outcome, not linked to the size of the institution.

There is plenty of scope for improvement and the survey will help us to establish which approaches are the most effective.”

The survey is the first of what will be a regular annual series.

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